aóamsc t\cnSpI

Iuamc{]mbw shÃphnfnIfpsS kabamWv. hn¹hIcamb amä§Ä¡v hnt[bamæ¶ hyànXzhnImk¯nsâ Imew. icochfÀ¨, A`nêNnbnepÅ amäw kaqlw {]Xo£nç¶ tdmÄ, s]Àt^msa³knepÅ amäw XpS§nbh Iuamc a\Ên AkzØXIÄ krãnçw.

PohnX¯nse {]i\§Ä ]cnlnçhm³ kzb]cn{iaw Bcw`nç¶ {]mbamWnXv. ]cmPb t_m[hpw BImwjbpw hfsc IqSpXembncnçw.

sFUânänçthWvSnbpÅ Xo{h{iaw Cu kabs¯ {]tXyIXbmWv. henbhÀ¡v In«p¶ AwKoImcw t\SnsbSpçhmëÅ B{KlapWvSmæw. Ìmäkv knw]epIfmb Imdv, {]tXyIX hkv{X[mcWw XpS§nbhbnepÅ XmÂ]cyw {]ISn¸n¨p XpS§p¶Xpw Cu {]mb¯n Xs¶bmWv.

FÃmhêw `b¸mtSmsS {i²nç¶ {]mbamWv Iuamcw XÃns¸mfn, kmaqlyt{Zmln, AëkcWw sI«h³, sXdn¨s]®v XpS§nbh te_epIÄ hogp¶Xv Cu {]mb¯nemWv. t{_ç \ãs¸« Cu IuamchWvSn FhnsS CSn¨p \nÂçsa¶ BImwjbmWv amXm]nXm¡Äçw, _Ôp¡Äçw A{]mtbmKnI Nn´IÄ XncbSn¨nfæ¶ {]mbamWnXv. `mh\bpsS \oemImi¯v Xp¼nt¯êIfmbn ]msªmgpIn \Sç¶ kabw.

apXnÀ¶hêsS ItÊc ]nSn¨p ]ämëÅ AXntamlamWv Cu L«¯nsâ asämê {]tXyIX.

]pIhenbpw aZy]m\hpw elcnaê¶nt\mSpÅ B`napJyhpw Rmëw sIm¡nIqÆmdmbn F¶v \memsf AdnbnçhmëÅ s]mSnssI {]tbmK§fmWv.

Iuamc¯nse C¯cw amä§Ä s]mê¯t¡Snsâ {]i\§Ä krãnçw. AXnsâ Nne e£W§fmWv Xmsg ]dbp¶Xv.

]Tn¯¯n \nìw sasà Hgnªpamdm³ XpS§pw. ]Tn¨v \inçhm\à sse^v F³tPmbv sN¿phmëÅXmsW¶ ^ntemk^n ]e Iuamc a\Ênepw cq]w sImÅpì. \memfpsS ap¼n Hê taemfmIm³ Nne ækrXnXc§Ä {i² £Wn¡Â ]cn]mSnIfmbn {]tbmKn¨p t\mçì.

AanX Bßhnizmkhpw s]m«ns¯dnç¶ sshImcnI {]IS\§fpamWv asämê {]tXyIX.

AwKoImcw In«p¶XnëthWvSn am{Xw ]nbÀ {Kq¸nsâ s]êamä§fpw ioe§fpw Cãasænepw sNbvXp XpS§pw.

AanXamb Znhmkz]v\w ImWÂ, ssiih kz`mh§fnteípff ]n³Ka\w, A\mtcmKyIcamb a\Ênsâ {]Xntcm[ {]IS\w XpS§nbhbpw {i²n¡s¸«n«pWvSv.

Iuamc¯nse Cu AkzkvXXIÄs¡´mWv ]cnlmcw? Htc Hê hgntbbpÅp bp²w {]Jym]nçI. bp²w sN¿phmëÅ XtâShpw IÀ½tijnbpapÅ {]mbamWv Iuamcw.

BtcmSmWv bp²w sNt¿­Xv?

aóamtcmSv.

a÷mtcmtSm?

ssZhta Fs´m¡bm Cu ]dbp¶Xv?

GItZiw H¼XSn s]m¡apÅ Hê s^enkvXyaÃs\¸än ss__nfn ]dbpìWvSv. A\mIyÀ F¶ A]qÀÆ PëÊpIfnÂs]« Hê bp² hoc\mbnêì tKmÃym¯v F¶ aó.

blqZm tKm{X¡mcëw t_Xvetlw ]«W¯n P\n¨hëw, bnÈmbnbpsS F«p ]p{X·mcn Cfbhëw bn{kmtbense cWvSmas¯ cmPmhpw Bb ZmhoZmWv B aÃs\ sIm¶Xv. Hê IhWnbn \nìw Gänb IÃpsImWvSv, "knw¹n InÂUv lnw'.

PohnX¯n hfsc¡mew acW `ojWnbn \nìsImWvSv [À½bp²w \S¯n hnPbn¨ cmPmhmbnêì ZmhoZv. AbmÄçNpäpw aóamêsS \nc Xs¶bmbnêì. ]s£ ssZhm{ibt¯msS XfcmsX bp²w sNbvXv apt¶dn.

\apç Npäpw FXnÀ¡s¸tSWvS aóamêWvSv. hyànXzs¯ inYneamç¶, ss{IkvXh ZuXys¯ XSÊs¸Sp¯p¶, IÀ½tijnsb achn¸nç¶ aqeyt_m[¯n ambw tNÀç¶, alm aóamcmWv \ap¡v Npäpw þ {]tXyIn¨v bphm¡Ä¡v Npäpw.

Cu kmlNcy¯n bp²¯n GÀs¸SpItb hgnbpÅp. ]et¸mgpw i{Xp a\Ênsâ A´¸pchpw IS¶v sUbn©À kná apgçt¼mgmWv \½fdnbpI. ]ns¶mìw Nn´n¨v \n¡m³ kabanÃ. bp²k¶mlw apgçIXs¶. IhWnsb¦n IhWn. hmIv]bsä¦n AXv. ]«nWnsb¦n AXpw. i{Xphns\ HmhÀ ]ÆÀ sNbvXv \ne¯n«v Nhp«n _tet`jv F¶v hnfn¨v A«lkn¡Ww. AXnëÅ IÀ½tijnbpw DÄ¡ê¯papÅ {]mbamWv Snt\Pv. kncIfneqsS XncIfmbn hn¹hmthiapÅ NpSptNmc Hgpæ¶ {]mbw.

At¸msg Hê kwibw?

Cu kwibamWv æg¸w. tIÄ¡s« F´m kwibw?

i{Xp¡sf kvt\ln¡Wsa¶sà IÀ¯mhv ]dªncnç¶Xv. ]ns¶´m  Nhp«pIbpw sXmgnçIbpw sN¿p¶ Imcyw ]dbp¶Xv?

AsX Cu i{Xphns\ kvt\lnçhm\à tXm¸nçhm\mWv ss__nfn ]dªncnç¶Xv.

Bscms¡bmWo aóamÀ?

1. `bw F¶ aó:--

{]XnkÔn L«¯n kpc£nX {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v hyànsb kPohamçhm³ `bsa¶ hnImc¯n\v Ignbpw. ]s£ Nnecn AanX`bhpw AImcW `bhpw {]i\§Ä krãn¡mdpWvSv. kwLÀj kmlNcy§fn BImwjbpw `b¸mSpambn ChÀ s\t«m«tamSpw. bpànNn´bpw ss[cyhpw \ãs¸Sp¶ kmlNcy¯n `bw Hê Xcw \nÀÆnImcX Xs¶ krãnçì. aäpÅhêsS BizmkhmçIÄçw {]tbmP\w In«mdnÃ.

ISenìaosX tbip \Sìhê¶Xv IWvS injy·mÀ CXm, Hê `qXw Fì ]dªv `bs¸«p \nehnfn¨t¸mÄ Ah³ ]dªp.: ss[cyambncnçI CXp Rm\mWv `bs¸tSWvS.

Hê Znhkw GeoibpsS `rXy³ cmhnse hmXn Xpdìt\m¡nbt¸mÄ kndnb cmPmhnsâ cY§fpw æXncIfpapÅ ssk\yw AWn\nc¶ncnç¶Xp I­p. AbmÄ `b¶v Geoisb hnfn¨p. Geoi {]mÀ°n¨v `rXysâ I®p Xpd¶t¸mÄ Npäpw æXncIfpw Btáb cY§fpw AWn\nc¶ncnç¶Xp I­v `rXysâ t]Snamdn. `b¯n\v C¶v NnInÕbp­v. `bmi¦Isf D±o]n¸nç¶ skâvä s\Àhkv kn̯nsâ {]hÀ¯\s¯ \nb{´nçhm³ Ignbp¶ aêìIfpap­v. AanX `bw Hê {]i\amæt¼mÄ Hê tUmÎdpsS klmbw \n§Ä¡mhiyamæw. AtXmsSm¸w "`bs¸tS­ CXv Rm\mWv 'Fì ]dbp¶ {InkvXphnsâ iÐw tIÄçhmëw \mw X¿mdmbm `bw \s½ `bt¶mSpw.

GeoimbpsS `rXy³ IWvSXpt]msebpÅ kzÀ¤ob ssk\ys¯ \½psS kpc£nXXz¯n\mbn ssZhw AWn\nc¯pw Fì hnizkn¡Ww. I®psImWvSp IWvSmse hnizkn¡q F¶v \nÀ_Ôw ]nSn¡êXv. Iméhm³ Ignbm¯ Fs´Ãmw \ne\nÂçìWvsS¶v \mw hnizknçì.

`bmi¦IÄ Zzµbp²¯n\mbn \½psS t\schêt¼mÄ \t½msSm¸w "`bs¸tS­ Rmë­vWvSIqsS' Fì ]dªv H¸w \Sç¶ {InkvXphns\ DÄ¡®psImWvSv Iméhm³ IgnbWw. At¸mÄ kqcy{]Imi¯n amªpt]mæ¶ aqS aªpt]mse `bw \o§nt¸mæw. Hì ]co£n¨pt\m¡nIqsS?

2 ]cmPbt_m[w

]cmPbt_m[amWv cWvSmas¯ aó. ssZhw thWvSpthmfw Ignhpw kÀ¤mevaiànbpw AëIqe kmlNcy§fpw \ÂInb {]Xn`Ifmb ]eêw ]cmPb `oXnsImWvSv HgnªpamdmdpWvSv. kz´w IgnhnepÅ BßhnizmkçdhmWv ChêsS {]i\w.

]co£sb `bç¶hêw t_mÊns\ A`napJoIcnçhm³ aSnbpÅhêw k`m I¼apÅhêsams¡ AanXamb ]cmPbt_m[apÅhcmWv. aäpÅhêsS ap¼n ]cmPbs¸«m \memfdnªm ]ns¶´në Pohn¡Ww F¶mWv C¡q«êsS `oXn.

Hcn¡Â {InkvXphnsâ injy·mêsS ASp¡Â `qXw _m[n¨ Hê _mes\ kpJs¸Sp¯phm³ _Ôp¡Ä sImWvSp sN¶t¸mÄ AhÀ¡v kpJs¸Sp¯phm³ IgnªnÃ. _Ôp¡Ä tbiphnsâ ASp¯psN¶v B hnhcw ]dªp. tbip _mes\ kpJs¸Sp¯n.

tbip X\n¨mbt¸mÄ F´psImWvSmWv X§Ä¡Xp Ignbm¯Xv Fì injy·mÀ tNmZn¨p. tbip adp]Snbmbn ]dªXv {]mÀ°\sImWvSv \n§Ä¡Xp km[nçsa¶mWv.

kb³kpw bpànt_m[hpapÅ \½psS Nn´bn Aåw ]niæWvSv. kz´w IgnhpsImWvSpw imkv{X kmt¦XnI Úm\w sImWvSpw F´pw km[n¡msa¶ Al´ \ndª Nn´ ]eÀçapWvSv. `uXoI bmYmÀ°y§Äça¸pdw Nne bmYmÀ°y§fpWvSv. aëjy a\Ên AXo{µob iàn {]hln¸nç¶ {]mÀ°\ ]eêw thWvSXpt]mse {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯p¶nÃ. \n§fpsS ]e A]cym]vXIÄçw ]cnlmcamWv {InkvXp. {]mÀ°\bneqsS t\Sp¶ BßlÀjw \n§fnse ]cmPb t_m[s¯ \nÀÆocyamçw.

3. \ncmi

aëjy a\Êns\ \njv{InbXz¯nteç ap¡n¯mgv¯p¶ A[a hnImcamWv \ncmi. {]Xymi \ãs¸« a\Ên \nÊwKXzhpw \nÊlmbXbpw _m[nçt¼mÄ PohnXw hyÀ°amsW¶ tXm¶Â iàns¸Spw.

C¶s¯ bphXeapdsb {Kknç¶ Hê henb tcmKamWv \ncmi. t\cw shfpç¶Xpw AkvXanç¶Xpw XfÀ¶ a\tÊmsS t\m¡ns¡mWvSp InSç¶ tImSn¡W¡n\v bphm¡fpWvSv. sXmgnenÃmbvabpw km¼¯nI {]XnkÔnbpw AhêsS a\Êns\ \ncmibpsS AKm[¯nteç ap¡n¯mgv¯nsImWvSncnçì.

hnizmk hoc·mcmb ssZh Zmk·mÀçhsc \ncmim tcmKw ]nSns]«n«pWvSv. ssZh\ntbmKw \ndthäphm\mbn Cd§n¯ncn¨ Genb Hê Znhkw aê`qanbneqsS \S¶t¸mtgçw £oWn¨p XfÀì. AhnsS AbmÄ Hê apÄs¨SnbpsS Nph«n Cêì. acns¨¦n F¶v B{Kln¨v AbmÄ ]dªp.: "IÀ¯mth F\nç aXnbmbn. Fsâ Poh³ FSpt¯mfp. Fsâ ]nXm¡·mtc¡mÄ H«pw sa¨aà Rm³'. ssZhs¯ apJmapJw IWvS GenbmbpsS a\Ên A{Xbpw \ncmibpWvSmsb¦n knw]nÄ {Iot¨gvkmb \½psSsbms¡ Imcyw ]dbtWm?

\ncmi XnI¨pw ià\mb aÃ\mWv. icochpw a\Êpw £oWn¨ncnçt¼mÄ am{Xw shÃphnfnbpambn hê¶ aó.

\ncmibpsS kmlNcyw ssZhw AdnbpìWvsS¶ Nn´ \apçWvSmIWw. \ncmiív Ft¸mgpw AåmbpÊv am{XaméÅXv. s]bvsXmgnbp¶ ImÀtaLw t]mse AXp amdnt¸mæw.

£atbmsS {]XymitbmsS Im¯ncnt¡WvS kabamWXv. hnjaL«§Ä ]n¶o«p apt¶dpt¼mÄ kt´mjhpw kam[m\hpapÅ Hê \msf ssZhw \ap¡mbn IêXpìWvsS¶ {]Xymi a\Ên \ne\nÀ¯pI.

Hê k^dnwKv lotdmsb t]mse FÃmw kln¨papt¶dpI. tcmKmhØbnse bmX\ hfsc `oIcamsW¦nepw kpJs¸Spsa¶ {]Xymi FÃmw klnçhm³ \ap¡v iàn \ÂImdnsÃ.
\n§fpsS bmX\IfneqsS H¸w \Sç¶ ssZhs¯ ad¡mXnê¶m Cu aÃëw Hu«mæw.

4. _elo\X

imcocnIhpw am\koIhpamb Nne _elo\XItfmsS P\n¨p hogp¶hcmWv \½sfÃmw. ]eÀçw C¯cw _elo\X PohnX Imew apgph³ ZpxJ¯në ImcWamImdpWvSv. AwKsshIey§Ä, imcocnI tcmK§Ä, hyànXzsshIeyw XpS§nb _p²nap«pIÄ aqew hnjanç¶hêWvSv.

skâv t]mÄ Xsâ Hê _elo\X amänIn«p¶Xn\v {]mÀ°n¨t¸mÄ \n\¡v Fsâ Ir] aXn; _elo\XbnemWv Fsâ iàn ]qÀ®amçI F¶mbnêì ssZh¯nsâ adp]Sn. ssZhhpambn IqSpX ASpçhm³ _elo\XIÄ \s½ klmbnçì. FÃmw XnIªm ]ns¶ ssZh¯nsâ Øm\w NnÃn« s{^bnanëÅnemæw.

{]XnIqeXItfmSv aÃSn¨ temI¯nsâ {]iwk]nSn¨p ]änb sle³sIÃdpw shÃqcnse tUm.tacn hÀKokpw \s½ ]dªp a\Ênemç¶Xv hfê¶Xn\v _elo\X Hê XSÊta AsömWv.

\n§fpsS hyàn]camb _elo\XIÄ F´pambns¡mÅs« AXpsImWvSv \n§Ä ]n³ XÅs¸SnÃ. kÀÆià³ IqsSbpÅt¸mÄ \n§Ä AP¿\mWv. XfcêXv.

5. AkXyw

AkXyw \s½ ]et¸mgpw hgnsXän¡mdpWvSv. kXy¯n\v aqSp]SanSps¶mê temI¯mWv \n§fpw Rmëw Pohnç¶Xv. hfsc hmNmeambn Bßhnizmkt¯msS ëW ]dbp¶hsc Imét¼mÄ C§s\ apJ¯p t\m¡n Ifhv ]dbm³ ]äptam F¶v \ap¡v kwibw tXmìw .DÆv kXykÔambn ëW ]dbp¶hêWvSv.

\nÀt±mjnbmbncns¡ ASnØm\anÃm¯ Btcm]W§Ä \n§Äs¡Xnsc CfçI., AkXyhmZnIÄ Hut±ymKnI knwlmk\¯n am\yXtbmsS D]hnãcmæI, Bßob taJebn I]S`àêw lnt¸m{InäpIfpw t\Xm¡fmbn tabpIþ CsXms¡ Imét¼mÄ \n§Ä¡v \ncmitXmìw. kXy¯ns\´v hne, aqeym[nãnXamsbmê PohnX¯n\v F´v {]kàn Fs¶ms¡ tXm¶nt¸mæw kXyhmZnIfpsS a\Ên \ncmibpsS Icn\ng ]c¯nbmWv Cu aó cwK{]thiw sN¿p¶Xv. AkXysa¶ aÃt\mSv Gäpap«p¶Xv kq£n¨p thWw. temIw apgph³ \n§Äs¡Xncmtbçw. P\kaqlw IsÃdnªp BÀ¯p hnfnçt¼mÄ \n§fpsS æcnsimì Xm§phm³ t]mepw BêapWvSmsbìhcnÃ. hfscb[nIw Bß_ew DÅhÀ¡v am{Xta AkXyt¯mSv ]Ssh«phm\mæ.

Ahkm\w hsc ]nSn¨p\nÂçI F¶Xv Hê I\¯ shÃphnfn Xs¶bmWv. tkm{I«okpw KmÔnPnbpw tbip{InkvXphpw AkXyt¯mSv Gäpap«nbhcmWv. acW `ojWnçt]mepw Ahsc ]n³Xncn¸nçhm\mbnÃ.

ëW ]dbm¯, Nn´n¡m¯, {]hÀ¯n¡m¯ Hê PohnXw XoÀçhm³ \n§ÄçIgnªm khntijXbpsÅmê P·ambncnçaXv AXnsâ kpIrXw XeapdIÄçWvSmæw.

Rmëw \n§fpw Znhkhpw Gäpap«p¶ A©p a÷mcmWnhÀ. `bs¸«v ]n³amdêXv. ssZhm{ibhpw kaÀ¸W at\m`mhhpw am{Xw aXn Cu aÃbp²¯n hnPbnçhm³. Hmtcm hnPbhpw \n§fnse IgnhpIsf hÀ²n¸nçw. Bßhnizmkw Cc«nbmçw, hyànXz hnImkw XzcnXs¸Sp¯pw. {InkvXob apt¶äw Xo£WKXnbnemæw F´m Hì ss^äp sNbvXp t\m¡n¡qsS?