\nÀ`m-K-y-h-Xn-bmb ho«-½

hfsc a\-{]-bm-k-t¯m-sS-bmWv Rm\o Is¯-gp-Xp-¶-Xv.  Rms\mcp \nÀ`m-K-y-h-Xn-bmb ho«-½--bm-Wv.  Hm^o-knepw ho«n-ep-ambn HmSn-¯-f-cp¶ PohnXw F\n¡p t\Sn-¯-cp-¶Xv ico-c-¯n\pw a\Ên\pw £oWhpw XfÀ¨-bp-am-Wv.  \ncmibpw \nÀÆn-Im-c-Xbpw a\-Ên ià-am-Ip-t¼mÄ Nne-t¸mÄ ka-\ne sXänt¸mIm-dpWvSv.  ]cm-Xnbpw ]cn-`-hhpw Ip¯p-hm-¡p-I-fp-ambn IpSpw-_mw-K-§-tfmSv Gäp-ap-«m-dpapWvSv.  ]ns¶tXm¶pw F´n-\m-Wn-sXms¡ F¶v.

FÃm ho«-½-amÀ¡p-aqÅ {]iv\-§-fmWv F\n-¡p-ap-Å-Xv.  kpJhpw Zp:Jhpw Cg-tNÀ¯v AhÀ henb sXän-ÃmsX PohnXw s\bvsX-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ Rm³ am{Xw hnIe Nn´-I-fn IpSp§n t]mIp¶sX-´m-Wv?

F\n¡v \sÃmcp `mc-y-bm-Ip-hmIp-hm\pw \sÃm-c-½-bm-Ip-hm\pw \sÃmcp acp-a-I-fm-Ip-hm\pw Ign-ªn«nÃ.  AsXms¡ Cu \m¸-¯-©n C\n km[n-¡p¶ Imc-y-am-tWm? {ian-¡m-ªn-«-Ã, km[n-¡p-¶n-Ã.

Zp:Jw aqSn-s¡-«nb a\-Êp-ambn Pohn-¡p-hm³ XpS-§n-bn«v F{X \mfm-sb-t¶m.  hn§n \n¡p¶ Fsâ a\-Ê-dn-bm¯ Ip«n-IÄ Ifn¨pw Nncn¨pw X½n XÃnbpw sS³j-\pWvSm¡pt¼mÄ \à ASn-h-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡pw.  ]ns¶ AtXmÀ¯Ipä-t_m-[hpw thZ-\-bpw.

`À¯m-hn\v Fsâ a\-Ênsâ AhØ Adn-bmw.  BZ-y-sams¡ At±lw Bi-z-kn-¸n-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p.  Ct¸mÄ At±-lhpw AI-ep-I-bm-Wv.  GIm-´-Xbpw Hä-s¸-Sepw Fs¶ hÃmsX ie-y-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p.

FtâXv Hcp sI«-P-·-am-sW¶v tXm¶m-dpWvSv.  `mcw Npa-¡p-hm\pw aäp-Å-hÀ¡v `mc-am-Ip-hm-\pw- thWvSnbpÅ Fsâ krjvSn Cui-z-c\v ]änb Hcp sXämtWm F¶pt]mepw Nn´n-¨n-«pWvSv.  Rms\m-gn¨v Cu temI-¯pÅ FÃm-¯n\pw hne-bp-WvsS¶v F\n¡v tXm¶m-dpWvSv. F\n¡v Fs¶ IWvSpIqSm-Xm-bn-«pWvSv.

Fsâ a\Êv \ntj-[-hn-Im-c-§-sfm-gp-Ip¶ Nmhp-I-S-embn amdn-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv þ N¯-Snª HmÀ½-IÄ, \jvS-t_m-[-§Ä, AXr-]vXn, \ncmi XpS-§nb amen-\-y-§-fm-Wn-Xn-eqsS HgpIn \o§p-¶-Xv.

Cu thZ-\-bpsS XS-h-d-bnÂ\n¶v Hcp tamN-\-apSvtWm?

{]nb-s¸« ho«-½-bpsS a\-Ênse s\m¼cw angn-hpä hmÜb Nn{X-ambn hc¨p ImWn-¨n-«pWvSv. \ntj-[-hn-Im-c-§Ä Nhp«n saXn¨p hnI-e-am-¡nb am\-kn-Im-h-Ø-bnÂ\n-¶pÅ hnapàn A{X Ffp-¸-a-söv ]d-bp-t¼mÄ hnj-an-¡-cp-Xv.  F¶mepw {]Xo-£bv¡p hI-bpWvSv.

kv{XoI-fnse sshIm-cnI {]iv\§Ä¡p ]n¶n `mcn¨ IpSpw_ Npa-X-e-IÄ, at\m-þ-im-co-cnI taJ-e-I-fnse XI-cm-dp-IÄ, hy-ànX-z- {]-tX-y -I-X, inYn-e-amb IpSp-_-_-Ô-§Ä XpS-§n-bh Imc-W-§-fm-Wv.  CXn at\m-þ-im-co-cnI taJ-e-I-fnse XI-cm-dp-IÄ¡v Hcp saUn-¡Â Soansâ amÀK-ZÀi-\-am-Wm-h-i-yw.

ho«n-tebpw Ip«n-I-fp-tSbpw Npa-X-e-IÄ Imc-y-ti-jn-tbmsS  ssIImcyw sN¿p-t¼mÄ F{X Dt·-j-h-Xn-bmb ho«-½bpw XfÀ¶p-t]m-Ipw.  Imc-y-§-sfms¡ Nn«-bmbn IrX-y-k-a-b¯v sNbvXp XoÀ¡-W-sa¶v \nÀ_-Ô-apÅ s]À^-£\nÌp IqSn-bm-sW-¦n Hcp kz-Ø-Xbpw DWvSmInÃ.  ChÀ kv]oUv Aev]w Ipd-bv¡-Ww.  Aan-X-amb Npa-X-e-IÄ Gsä-Sp-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-Ww. Hcp-]mSp Imc-y-§Ä Hcp Znh-kw-sImWvSv Hä-¡p-Xn-¸n\v sN¿m³ {ian-¨m a\Êp £oWn¡pw þ ]d-tª-¡mw.

GIm-´X Hcp {]iv\-am-sW¶p ]d-ª-tÃm.  sIm¨p-Ip-«n-I-fpsS ]cn-]m-e\w A½sb kaq-l-¯nÂ\n¶v Hä-s¸-Sp-¯pw.  A]-IÀj-Xm-t_m-[w, k¦pNnX Nn´, aäp-f-f-hsc AwKo-I-cn-¡p-hm-\pÅ _p²n-ap«v XpS-§nb   hy-àn-Xz _e-lo-\-X-IÄ \½n GIm-´X ASn-t¨Â¸n-¡m-dpWvSv. GIm-´X Hgn-hm-¡p-hm³ hoSn\p shfn-bn-epÅ temI-t¯bv¡v ap³hn-[n-I-fn-ÃmsX IS¶p sNÃp-I. t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡p-hm-\pw, apdn-th¸n-¡p-hm-\pw, kvt\ln-¡p-hm\pw Hfnb-s¼-¿p-hm\pw ssI \o«n-¯-cp-hm\pw Imep-sh¨p hogn-¡p-hm\pw At\Iw Bfp-IÄ \n§-fpsS Pohn-X-¯n-te¡v IS-¶p-h-cpw.  sshhn-[-y-amÀ¶ C¯cw A\p-`-h-§Ä \n§-fpsS a\-Ênse hnjm-Z-ta-L-§sf ImänÂ]-d-¯pw.  ho«nse \mep `n¯n-IÄ¡p-Ån Zp:Jkva-c-W-IÄ¡v AS--bn-cn¡p¶ ho«-½-amÀ {i²n-t¡WvS Imc-y-am-Wn-Xv.

Ip«n-I-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸« {]iv\-§Ä ]e ho«-½-am-cp-sSbpw a\-Êns\ apdn-th¸n-¡m-dpWvSv.  AÀ°-h-¯mb IpSpw_ _Ô-§-fpsS Ipd-hp-sImWvSmWv Ip«n-I-fn {]iv\-§Ä DS-se-Sp-¡p-¶-Xv.  amXm-]n-Xm-¡Ä Hcp-an¨p sNbvXmÂXs¶ hfsc {]-bm-k-apÅ tPmen-bmWv Ip«n-I-fpsS ]cn-]m-e-\w.  IpSpw_ `mchpw Ip«n-I-fpsS Imc-y-§fpw A½-bpsS Xe-bnÂXs¶ sI«nhbv¡p-t¼mÄ £a sI«p-t]m-Ipw.  Ip«n-I-fpsS IpkrXn ImWp-t¼mÄ {Iqc-ambn {]Xn-I-cn¨p t]mIp-¶-Xnsâ ImcWw kwLÀjw Xs¶-bm-Wv.  A½-bn \n¶pw kvt\lhpw emf-\bpw Int«WvSXn\p ]Icw apÅpw apdnhpw G¡p-t¼mÄ Ip«n-I-fn kzm-`mh {]iv\-§Ä Xe-s]m-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw.  C¯cw kµÀ`-§-fn `À¯m-h-t±-lw-IqSn CS-s]-«m ho«-½-bpsS a\-Ênse kwLÀjw ]IpXn amän-sb-Sp-¡m-\m-Ipw.  FÃm `mc-§fpw ]¦n-Sp-hm³ `À¯m-hns\ kvt\l-]qÀÆw \nÀ_-Ôn-¡-Ww.  ]d-ªm-se´p tXm¶p-sa¶p Icp-Xo«p Imc-y-an-Ã.

temI-s¯-´n-t\-¡mfpw hne-Ip-dª hkvXp-hmWv Rms\¶ tXm¶Â Bß-hn-i-zm-khpw Bßm-`n-am-\hpw hy-àn-X-z-¯n CÃm-¯-Xp sImWvSmWv. sNdp-¸-¯nse IpSpw_ kml-N-c-yw, A´ÀapJ hy-àn-X-zw, \yqtdm F³tUm-ss{I³ taJ-e-bnse Ak-´p-en-Xm-h-Ø- aq-e-apWvSmIp¶ hnjmZtcmKw XpS-§n-bh Bß-hn-i-zmkw Ipdbv¡pw.  \n§fpsS t]mcm-bva-I-sf-¸än am{Xw Nn´n-¡p-¶Xp aXn-bm¡n \·-I-sf-¸-änbpw Nn´n-¡-Ww.  kvt\lw, Icp-W, klm-\p-`q-Xn, BßmÀ°-X, hni-z-kvXX XpS§n F{X-sb{X Aaq-ey Kp-W-§Ä \n§-fn-epWvSv. \½nse \·-Xn-·-I-sf-gpXn Iq«m\pw Ipd-bv¡m\pw Ign-ªm \ntj[ Nn´-bpsS km{µX Ipd-bpw.

]e ho«-½-am-cp-sSbpw sshIm-cnI {]iv\-§Ä¡p ]n¶n sXämb at\m-`m-h-¯nsâ kzm-[o-\-apWvSv.  Nne bmYmÀ°-y-§sf AwKo-I-cn-¡p-hm\pw ap³hn-[n-Isf Hgn-hm-¡p-hm\pw Ign-ªm a\-Ênse Ak-z-ØX Ipd-bpw.  at\m-ssh-I-e-y-apÅ Ip«n, \nX-y-tcm-Kn-bmb PohnX ]¦m-fn, Zmcn-{Zyw, Akq-bm-ep-hm-b- A-b¡m-c³ XpS-§n-b-h-sbms¡ cm{Xnbpw ]I-epw-t]m-se-bpÅ \nXy bmY-mÀ°-y-§-fm-Wv.  Ic-ªmepw hnj-an-¨mepw amdp¶ Imc-y-§fàCh.  henb {]m[m-\yw sImSp-¡msX Ah-K-Wn-¡m³ ]Tn-¡pI.  At¸mÄ sS³j³ Xms\ Ipd-bpw.

A]-IÀj-Xm-t_m[w, Ipä-t_m-[w, DXv¡-WvT, bpàn-c-ln-X-amb `b-§Ä, ]I-zX CÃmbva XpS-§nb hy-àn-Xz sshI-e-y-§Ä, XpSÀ¨-bmbn sshIm-cnI {]Xn-kÔn krjvSn-¨p-sImWvSncn¡pw. C¯-c-¡mÀ¡v hy-àn-Xz hnIm-k-¯n-\pÅ ]cn-io-e\w {]tbm-P-\-s¸Spw.

Zm¼-Xy _Ô-¯nse Akw-Xr-]vXn, imco-cn-Ihpw am\-ko-I-hp-amb tcmK-§Ä, kwi-b-{]-Ir-Xn, [\-hn-\n-tbm-K-¯n [mcW-bn-Ãm-bva, amXm-]n-Xm-¡sf Aan-Xambn B{i-bn-¡Â, Ah-cpsS A\m-h-i-y-amb CS-s]-SÂ, PohnX ]¦m-fn-bp-ambn kabw sNe-h-gn-¡m³ km[n-¡m¯ Xc-¯n-epÅ tPmen, {[ph-`n-¶-amb hy-àn-Xz {]tX-y-I-X-IÄ, Ab¡m-cp-am-bpÅ \nc-´-c-amb hg-¡v, Ip«n-Isf hfÀ¯p¶ Imc-y-¯n A`n-{]mb hy-X-ym-kw, aX-Im-c-y-§-fn [mcWbnÃm-bva, hy-X-y-kvX-§-fmb Pohn-X-aq-e-y-§Ä, Pohn-X-¯n F´n\v ap\-K-W\ sImSp-¡Ww F¶ Imc-y-¯n A`n-{]mbhy-Xymkw XpS-§nb Imc-y-§Ä Zm¼-Xy Pohn-Xs¯ {]iv\-]qÀ®-am-¡pw.  AXpWvSm¡p¶ sshIm-cnI {]iv\-§Ä ]cn-l-cn-¡p-hm³ amtc-yPv Iu¬k-enwKv hfsc klm-b-I-am-Wv.  \n§Ä cWvSpt]cpw hnZKvZ klmbw tXSp-¶Xv {]tbm-P-\-I-c-am-Wv